Why, then, be disturbed over what God has promised the Jewish people? This means, then, that Christ was not Head to the Church until after His ascension. So we're not talking about an Israel reconstituted as the church when we talk about Israel in Romans 9 to 11. Thus, the Church is the same in essence throughout history. The Distinctiveness of the Disciples ... were the religious leaders of Israel. In past ages, the Gentiles had been alienated from the Jews and had been “without God in the world” (v. 12), but during Paul’s lifetime, God started to bring Gentiles and Jews together as equals to form “one new man” (v. 15), “one body” (v. 16). In contrast with this view, there are several lines of evidence to the effect that Old Testament Israel and the New Testament Church are not essentially the same. . How could a faithful God not keep His promises to His ancient people? I. That is, God called Israel, and likewise the church as those from every nation who belong to Israel through faith in the Messiah Jesus, to be both a priestly kingdom and a holy nation. Israel, the Church and the Return of Jesus By Dr. Howard Morgan The coming of Messiah is the great promise of the Bible from both Old and New Testaments. Fourth, since a building cannot be built without its foundation, and since the Church’s foundation consists of the apostles and New Testament prophets, then the Church could not have been built before the time of the apostles and New Testament prophets. The seventh line of evidence concerning when the Church began is as follows: The Church could not exist until after Christ’s ascension. It generates $2 billion in revenue a year and employs roughly 85,000 people who are primarily mediums, astrologers, palm readers, and fortune-tellers... Sam Coonrod made news last summer when he refused to kneel. Instead, Israel meant something else, something that came to be known in the New Testament as the Church. In Mapping the Legal Boundaries of Belonging: Religion and Multiculturalism from Israel to Canada, edited by Rene Provost. This is a dreadful period of seven years, which begins relatively lightly during the first half, but intensifies into full focus during the latter half. These promises of blessing would now be fulfilled within the framework of the Church. All the Israelites were subject to the regulations of that covenant regardless of their inner spiritual state. Israel's not being redefined in Romans 9 to 11 because that chapter opens with Paul saying, "I'm weeping over the people that I'm talking about. 10:24-25); through His miracles He had given Israel a foretaste of the miraculous powers by which Messiah would usher in the Theocratic Kingdom (Lk. 1:22-23; 4:15-16; 5:23; Col. 1:18; 2:19) and bride-bridegroom (Rom 7:1-4; 2 Cor. 20:1-5). the distinct destinies of the church and israel It is when the Church recognizes Israel that the true distinctiveness and glory of the Body of Christ become evident. Itching Ears Theology History of Christian Fables (II Timothy) Bible Series How short sighted of us! The Church became the new Israel, and through this remarkable transformation, wherever blessing is promised to Israel in the Old Testament, it was interpreted to mean the Church. Only during the last Century or so has the Premillennial concept of the future of Israel come to the forefront in evangelical Christianity. Old Testament Israel was an earthly, political state with an earthly capital city, an earthly political government and political rulers, but the New Testament Church is not an earthly, political state. 11:2; Eph. Several things should be noted concerning this assertion. This view is that the Church is completely different and distinct from Israel, and the two should not be confused. Grace Bible Church. In light of Israel’s obvious determination, in Matthew 16 Jesus began to give His apostles several indications to the effect that things would change significantly for Him and His ministry. Third, Old Testament Israel and the New Testament Church are not essentially the same. in Semitic languages and Old Testament. Dr. Thomas McCall, the Senior Theologian of our ministry, has written many articles for the Levitt Letter. Jesus is an Israeli, as were all the apostles, and the concerns of Israel, spiritually and politically, were very much a part of their lives. Two things indicate that this is so. Ultimately the Church and Israel become unified. The present article will present more evidence to the same effect. 7:19-22; Jn. Second, in Ephesians 4:8, 11-12, Paul indicated that in conjunction with His ascension to Heaven Christ gave spiritual gifts to human beings so that the body of Christ, the Church, could be built. During the time that Israel is removed, God has placed the New Testament Church into the place of blessing. The church is sometimes called the Israel of God (Romans 2:25-29, Galatians 6:16, Philippians 3:3, Hebrews 11:39-12:1, 22-24) Paul spends much time in his letter to the Romans establishing continuity between Israel as the people of God and Christians as the new Israel (thus 1 Corinthians 10:1-12). This called-out Body, composed of believing Jews and Gentiles during the Church Age, is the highest entity the Lord has created, superior to the universe, all the angels, the nations, and Israel. (1936-2019) Dr. Renald Showers was an author, trusted theologian, and Bible teacher for the Friends of Israel Gospel Ministry. Old Testament Israel had a national army with which to fight military battles against other nations, but the New Testament Church does not have such an army. The sixth line of evidence for when the Church began is Jesus’ promise in Matthew 16:18. That distinctiveness flows from the knowledge restored to this earth, together with the power of the Holy Ghost present in the Church because of restored priesthood authority, keys, ordinances, and the fulness of the gospel of Jesus Christ. 7:6-9). Sixth, the Scriptures never called the saved Jews of Old Testament Israel “the Church of God” in contrast with the unsaved Jews of Old Testament Israel, but the Scriptures did call the saved Jews (and the saved Gentiles) of the New Testament Church “the Church of God” in contrast with the unsaved Jews (and the unsaved Gentiles) of the New Testament era (1 Cor. There are, Since the Church could not be built apart from these gifts, and since Christ did not give these gifts before His ascension, then the Church could not have existed before His ascension. This determination had become obvious before Jesus’ Matthew 16 declaration that He would build His Church. The fifth line of evidence concerning the time when the Church began is as follows: The Church could not exist before the apostles and New Testament prophets. 19:28). Many of the Jewish believers were not comfortable with the Gentile believers at first; and as time went on and Gentiles began to predominate numerically, the attitudes were reversed. Matthew’s words, “From that time forth began Jesus to show unto his disciples, how he must   . It is when the Church recognizes Israel that the true distinctiveness and glory of the Body of Christ becomes evident. This is the bad news. If this harsh view of Israel were true, though, what of the promises of God to Israel in the Old Testament? Written by the priests of Israel, the books of Chronicles view Israel’s religious institutions, the temple, priesthood, offerings and feasts, as the essential elements of her national life. To be sure, Israel has been side-lined during these past 1,900 years of the Diaspora. In His Mosaic Covenant relationship with Israel, God established and regulated that nation’s earthly, political government, but in His New Covenant relationship with the New Testament Church, God does not even establish an earthly, political government for the Church. In spite of Jesus’ claim to be the Messiah who would set up the Theocratic Kingdom, and in spite of the foretaste of miraculous kingdom powers which demonstrated the truthfulness of His claim, Israel was determined to reject Him and His claim (Jn. Since Israel would reject Him as the Messiah who would set up the Theocratic Kingdom, He would not establish that Kingdom in the near future. It also means that Old Testament Israel’s membership consisted of unsaved people as well as the saved. He has served as Zola’s co-author, mentor, pastor, and friend for nearly 30 years. Evidence That Israel And The Church Are Not The Same. The Church is a called out assembly of believers who have been baptized into the body of Christ (1 Cor. By contrast, the New Testament Church (not organized Christendom, but the true body of Christ which is formed by Spirit baptism) consists only of saved or regenerated members. He holds a Th.M. If there were any purpose for the existence of the Jewish people, it was to remind the world of the severe judgment of God upon a disobedient people. The greatest struggles the early Church had were over the relationship between Israel and the Church, law and grace, and the fellowship between Jewish and Gentile believers in Christ (Galatians). Thus, through this shocking declaration Jesus was indicating that, instead of Israel accepting Him as its Messiah, it would reject Him by having Him put to death. The then-27-year-old relief pitcher for the San Francisco Giants was the only baseball player... All Content © 2020 Israel My Glory is an outreach ministry of the friends of israel gospel ministry, For an excellent study of the biblical doctrine of the Church see: Earl D.Radmacher, *Free PDF Book Download - What on Earth is God Doing? 2:11-12). Instead, He would do something different – He would build a new ekklesia, the Church. You could spend a lifetime studying this because there are so many iss… Through this teaching Paul implied that the Church could not be built apart from these spiritual gifts. It is when the Church recognizes Israel that the true distinctiveness and glory of the Body of Christ becomes evident. The other view, we believe, is clearly taught in the New Testament, but it has been suppressed throughout most of Church history. This article appeared originally in the May 1996 Levitt Letter. Nevertheless, God has carefully preserved the Jewish people, even in unbelief, through every kind of distress and persecution. In Matthew 12, the religious leaders of Israel had begun to plot His death and to assert that Satan was the source of His miraculous powers. Nothing could be further from the truth. Rather, we rejoice in these developments, with full assurance that our own redemption draws ever closer. The church now has the opportunity to bear witness in a culture that does not even pretend to share our “values.” That is not a tragedy since we were never given a mission to promote “values” in the first place , but to speak instead of sin and of righteousness and judgment, of Christ and his kingdom. First, Luke declared that the Lord was adding to the Church those who were being saved (Acts 2:47). Second, since Paul was using the metaphor of a building, he was thereby pointing out the following: Just as a building has a foundation and superstructure, so the Church has a foundation and superstructure. Thus, Michel stated that the verb “will build” in Matthew 16:18 “denotes an eschatological act of Christ, a new authorisation by God. The prophecies of condemnation and judgment, though, are retained literally by the Jewish nation of Israel. In this view, the Church is the refinement and higher development of the concept of Israel. While the Jewish nation still has a dark period facing it, there is a glorious finale to Israel’s long history. Israel. The Church does not have an earthly capital city, an earthly political government or political rulers. 1 Fruchtenbaum, "Israel and the Church" in Wesley Willis, John Master, and Charles Ryrie, ed., Issues in Dispensationalism (Chicago: Moody Press, 1994), 129. the distinctiveness of the Baptists has been lost more than it was in 1961. In spite of the fact that Cornelius was a God-fearing Gentile (Acts 10:1-2), he was not baptized with the Spirit until he was saved (Acts 10:44-47; 11:13-18). . 11:5). • Throughout this description Jesus Himself is seen as the Head of the body. We will return from Heaven with Him as His glorious Bride to rule Israel and the world. This leaves all the covenants, promises, and warnings to Israel intact. The Church will return with Christ, and will rule with Him for a thousand years (Rev. It took some time, perhaps a couple of centuries, but eventually the vast Gentile majority in the Church began to view Israel as a vestigial organ that had outlived its usefulness. • Along with 1 Peter 4:10-11 an appreciation of the distinctiveness of each individual person and the role they can play in Christ's church! Third, the prophets who, together with the apostles, make up the foundation of the Church are New Testament prophets, not Old Testament prophets. The context indicates that this is so, for in Ephesians 3:5, where Paul referred to the apostles and prophets again, he said, “as it is now revealed unto his holy apostles and prophets.” Through the use of the word “now,” Paul made it clear that the prophets to whom he referred were living during the time of himself and the other apostles. 10:1-8). It is almost as though the Church has been jealous of Israel, and afraid that if it recognized Israel’s future promises, it would somehow demean Christ and the Church. Fourth, as long as a Gentile remained a Gentile, he was excluded from membership in Old Testament Israel (Eph. In other words, he had to enter fully into Israel’s Mosaic Covenant relationship with God. Tell a friend about Zola Levitt Ministries and invite them to our website. He Himself told His disciples that they would rule over the 12 tribes of Israel in the restoration (Matt. So I do this “good thing” regularly, and I can tell you that my Oy veys grow louder every time I start walking. The new Israel of God is not less a nation because it is spiritually constituted. God is the creator and ruler of all creation (Genesis 1) A. God’s rule over his world is mediated through his image — humanity: Genesis 1:26-28 The Jews were saying that He was John the Baptist, Elijah, Jeremiah or one of the prophets, but they were not acclaiming Him to be the Messiah. Indeed, the Church’s finest and most distinctive hour will be when Israel is restored nationally and spiritually to the Lord at the Second Coming of Christ. . The Messiah will build . One of the great theological battlegrounds of orthodox Christianity throughout the centuries has been the nature and character of the Church, especially in relation to its biblical predecessor, Israel. Such a view necessitated the extinction of Israel, and the cancellation of all promises God made to the Jewish nation. The Church would be something new which He would build in the future. 11:15). This distinction is the essence of what is sometimes called "dispensationalism." In 1949, a show called Father Knows Best debuted on the radio. Paul began to use the metaphor of a building by asserting that the members of the Church “are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets” (v. 20). Granted to be a community and interdenomnational church, like in military chapels is best, Baptist Distinctives are only offered to the extent that they exemplify a New Tesatment church. 10:32). The good news is that, when Christ does return to the earth at the end of the Tribulation, Israel will be ready, willing, and eager to receive Him, and proclaim, “Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord” (Matt. The Israel of Jesus’ generation would refuse to be associated with Him; therefore, He would build a new assembly of people which would acknowledge and belong to Him. That is where we are headed eventually, but first we have to lay the foundation before we get there. A. 4000 E. Collins Rd. Holiness is essential to our priestly status of bringing God to the world and bringing the world to God – the essence of our missional identity and role. Seventh, in Romans 11, the Apostle Paul presented the following teaching: As the covenant people of God, Old Testament Israel was in the place of God’s blessing. By contrast, the New Testament Church received Christ. In 1 Timothy 3:15, Paul clearly stated that the household of God is the Church; therefore, in Ephesians 2:19, he was teaching that Gentiles are members of the Church. He does not have to become an Israelite in order to enter that membership (Eph. Just as the human body cannot live, function or develop without its head, so the body of Christ, the Church, cannot live, function or develop without Christ as its Head. Regeneration was not required of those at Mount Sinai in order to enter the Mosaic Covenant relationship with God, and future generations of Israelites entered that covenant relationship by virtue of their physical birth to Israelite parents, not by virtue of a spiritual birth. In light of the fact that Covenant Theology and Dispensational Theology disagree concerning when the Church began in history, the previous article examined four lines of evidence to the effect that the Church began on the Day of Pentecost of Acts 2. 53; Jn. In order to become a member, he had to become an Israelite through circumcision and placement under the Law. The fact that Jerusalem lay in ruins and the Jewish people were scattered over the world was seen as conclusive evidence that God was forever finished with national Israel. As the stumbling of Israel brought blessing to the world at Christ’s First Coming, the reception of Israel to Christ at His Second Advent will be like “life from the dead” (Rom. Not only has God preserved the Jewish nation, but He has also kept His promise to save a remnant of Israel in every generation. Was His vision for the “church,” (the one that He died for and sent His apostles into the world to promote) really about pastors, church buildings, one-man shows, Sunday worship services, pulpits, mandatory meetings, bureaucracy, obligation and guilt, authority and control, committees, money, programs, church constitutions, the eldership, creeds, catechisms, etc? The two major views are that: The predominant view has been that the Church is the “new” Israel, a continuation of the concept of Israel which began in the Old Testament. The Angels themselves will study us forever as the greatest exhibit of God’s grace, and we will actually judge the Angels. . These concepts have led Covenant Theology to the following logical conclusions: Since the Church consists of all people who have had the Covenant of Grace relationship with God regardless of when they have lived, and since both Old Testament Israel and the New Testament Church have had the Covenant of Grace relationship with God, then the Church consists of both Old Testament Israel and the New … . The Church. It is they that orchestrated the effort to have him put to death, ... history of the Church, we see that it was Judaism that was the first great persecutor of believers in the early Church. Copyright © 1996 Zola Levitt Ministries, Inc., a non-profit 501(c)(3) organization. It made the transition to television in 1954, starring Robert Young, who played Jim Anderson, the father of three children... A peculiar industry has been growing in America. Thus, the Church is in the place of God’s blessing while Israel is out of it. 12:13). 4:16-18), God will restore Israel to center stage on the world’s divine theater. First, in Ephesians 1:20-23, Paul taught that God gave Christ the position of Head to the Church in conjunction with Christ’s being seated at God’s right hand after His ascension to Heaven. From this point on, the theological legs were cut out from under Israel, and the predominant Christian theology was that there was no future for Israel. The remnant of Israel in this age are the Jewish believers in Christ who have joined the Gentile believers, and form the Church, the Body of Christ Rom. There were other ekklesias or assemblies in the ancient world, such as the ekklesia of Israel in the wilderness during its exodus (Acts 7:38) and the ekklesias of citizens of cities when they gathered together for public meetings (Acts 19:32, 39, 41), but Jesus emphasized the fact that the ekklesia which He would build would be uniquely related to Him (“my Church”). 21:43). Because Old Testament Israel rejected Christ through unbelief, God removed it temporarily from the place of His blessing. Covenant Theology further asserts that Israel was the major people of God in Old Testament times because God entered into Mosaic Covenant relationship with that nation, and the Mosaic Covenant relationship was one aspect of the Covenant of Grace relationship. Pastor Daryl Hilbert . Not all individuals in this chosen nation are saved (Rom. This is the same as our current description of Premillennialism. But I can also tell you that... “Welcome to the State of Israel,” the guard said, smiling as he checked us through security and into the Embassy of Israel in Washington, DC. “Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord”, The Church is completely different from Israel. Muniz-Fraticelli, Victor M., The Distinctiveness of Religious Liberty (July 29, 2011). The church is not so much the new Israel as the renewed Israel comprising Jews and Gentiles with Christ its cornerstone and its destiny in glory. Covenant Theology also teaches that the New Testament Church is the people of God today because God entered into the New Covenant relationship with the New Testament Church, and the New Covenant relationship is also an aspect of the Covenant of Grace relationship. In Matthew 16, the apostles reported the reaction of the people to Jesus (vv. Augustine actually states that he was previously a Chiliast, meaning that he was a believer in the thousand-year reign of Christ on the earth after His return. These views are paradigms, inform our opinions on subjects ranging from Israel to the right to life of the preborn child, and even the creation of the world. It believes that the church, which it claims could also be called “the Israel of God,” existed in Old Testament times and that the nation of Israel was a major phase of the church in those times. In Ephesians 4:15-16 and Colossians 2:19, Paul also taught that the Church is dependent upon Christ as its Head for its growth and development. The remnant of Israel which survives the Tribulation (some one-third of the Jewish people who enter the Tribulation), will be saved, and the Lord will establish His kingdom on the same earth and the same capital city, Jerusalem, that rejected Him centuries before. Several factors illustrate this distinctive. New York: Oxford University Press, 2014.. THE CHURCH WAS NOT PREDICTED IN OT . The Catholic view of the Jewish people and God's Salvation . It defines the church as the continuing covenanted community, consisting of all people throughout history who have been in the covenant-of-grace relationship with God. Replacement Theology has been the rule that has survived the Middle Ages, the Crusades and the Reformation in Church History. Furthermore, how does one account for Israel’s resurgence among the family of nations as an independent nation, victorious in several wars and flourishing economically? After the crucifixion, the curtain of the Jewish sanctuary was torn in two (Mk 15:37-39, Lk 23:44-46, Mt 27:51) and the fledgling Church became the New Israel. Ken pastored a church here in South Jersey, and Gwendolyn was a student at Word of Life... Health experts agree that walking 10,000 steps a day is a good thing. Is such a concern valid? The Church This separation of israel by JEHOVAH is what ought to have been a very important lesson that today's church could well have learnt from, for her own good. A second theological option regarding the relationship of the Church and Israel is to claim that the Church and Israel refer to different groups of people. Since the Church cannot live or develop without Christ as its Head, and since Christ was not Head to the Church until after His ascension, then the Church could not have existed until after Christ’s ascension. One indication was Jesus’ shocking declaration of His death and resurrection (v. 21). Jesus told Peter, "I will build My church" (Matthew 16:18). Those lines of evidence were as follows: First, the Church is not formed apart from the baptism with the Spirit, and Spirit baptism did not begin until the Day of Pentecost; second, Peter asserted that something new began when the believers were baptized with the Spirit on the Day of Pentecost; third, in his teaching concerning the mystery in Ephesians 3, Paul indicated that God intentionally waited until the time of the apostles and New Testament prophets to reveal to man knowledge concerning the Church and to reveal to angels the facets of His wisdom which the formation of the Church required to be exercised; and fourth, Paul presented teaching which indicated that the Church could not exist until after the death of Christ. . Brief passages may be quoted in reviews or other article. What more could we ask? Another indication of coming change given by Jesus in Matthew 16 was His charge to the apostles that they should tell no man that He was the Messiah (v. 20). by Renald Showers, *Complete Access to Our Growing Archive—Eventually Back Through Our Inaugural Issue In 1942, *Free Full-Issue PDF Downloads of Current Issues and Select Archives. He had claimed to be the Messiah (Jn. None of the curses or blessings pronounced upon Israel refer directly to the Church. The Church is comprised of people with many different languages. The book argues that the task that lies before the church in the Western world is not to bypass its distinctiveness with accusations of sectarianism, but to recapitulate an understanding of its own distinctiveness that should be seen as a precondition for its engagement in society. And that it would be His Church 7:1-4 ; 2 Cor Religious leaders of Israel, something came!, Paul taught that God had started to do so he does make! 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